The insurgents raised the white Taliban banner over the central city square and freed hundreds of fellow militants from the local jail, in a major embarrassment for Afghan forces who abandoned a provincial headquarters for the first time.
The stunning assault came a day before President Ashraf Ghani’s unity government marked its first anniversary. It was the second time this year that the orthodox militia has besieged Kunduz city, defended by Afghan forces battling largely without Nato’s support after it withdrew most of its troops last year.
The insurgents launched a surprise, three-pronged offensive before dawn, and by evening they had captured the governor’s compound and provincial police headquarters, said Taliban spokesperson Zabihullah Mujahid. “Our fighters are now advancing towards the airport,” Mujahid said on his Twitter account.
A senior government official in Kabul confirmed that the provincial headquarters had fallen and Afghan forces were regrouping at the airport.
Dozens of Afghan special forces have been flown into Kunduz airport on a C-130 aircraft and were preparing to launch a counter-attack, said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
The Kunduz assault marks a troubling development in the insurgency, although Afghan forces have managed to drive the Taliban back from most of the territory they have gained this year during an escalation in violence.
“It is certainly the first major breach of a provincial capital since 2001,” said Graeme Smith, senior analyst for International Crisis Group. “They are choking the Afghan forces from all sides. It looks pretty grim.”
The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan evacuated its Kunduz compound Monday morning, soon after the assault began. “They’ve been relocated within Afghanistan,” said UN spokesman Dominic Medley, declining to say where or how many staff were evacuated.
Abdullah Danishy, deputy governor of Kunduz, vowed that Afghan forces would retake the occupied city. “We have reinforcements coming from other areas and will beat back the Taliban,” Danishy said by telephone from Kunduz airport after fleeing his office.
But with much of downtown Kunduz now in Taliban hands and terrified civilians either trying to flee or hiding inside their homes, the insurgents may be tough to dislodge. “Once they get inside an urban area, your air assets and artillery become much less useful,” Smith said.
One Reuters witness saw buildings on fire in the south of the city and Taliban fighters entering a 200-bed government-run hospital. A government official said the local headquarters of the National Directorate of Security, the country’s main intelligence agency, had also been set on fire.
Dozens of panicked residents fled to the city’s main airport but were turned away by security forces. Electricity and phone services were cut across most of the city, and family members struggled to locate one another in the chaos.
“My uncle’s wife has been killed by the Taliban today and still my wife and kids are in the area that the Taliban captured, so it is important to free my family,” said Matin Safraz, an official at the interior ministry who was visiting Kunduz for Eidul Azha holidays.
Sayed Sarwar Hussaini, a spokesman for Kunduz police, said 20 Taliban fighters had been killed and three Afghan police wounded in the early morning clashes. Updated casualty figures were not immediately available.
According to two security officials, Taliban gunmen, some armed with rocket-propelled grenades, overwhelmed security guards and broke into the main city prison, freeing hundreds of fighters.
Taliban spokesman Mujahid urged Kunduz residents to stay inside. “The mujahideen are trying to avoid any harm to Kunduz residents,” he said on his official Twitter account, referring to Taliban fighters.